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Read e-book online Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an PDF

By editors, Cheryl J. Cherpitel ... [et al.]

ISBN-10: 1282760823

ISBN-13: 9781282760820

ISBN-10: 9240685367

ISBN-13: 9789240685369

ISBN-10: 9241547847

ISBN-13: 9789241547840

The damaging use of alcohol is without doubt one of the major threat components to health and wellbeing. it truly is accountable every year for roughly 2.3 million untimely deaths world wide. accidents -- either unintended and intentional -- account for greater than a 3rd of the load of ailment brought on by alcohol intake. those contain accidents from highway site visitors crashes, burns, poisoning, falls and drowning in addition to violence opposed to oneself or  Read more...

Cover --
Copyright --
Why Are Alcohol-Related accidents a priority For Who? --
Who Collaborative research On Alcohol And accidents --
Results --
Future instructions And Implications --
Acknowledgements

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Extra resources for Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an international perspective

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Individual-level, or patient-level, variables included in the analysis were age, gender, volume consumed in the six hours prior to the event, whether or not the respondent reported feeling drunk at the time of the injury, and whether the injury resulted from violence or was traffic-related. Study-level variables, which typically were measured as characteristics of the EDs themselves, were used to explain the between-study variation of the relationship between the amount of alcohol consumed in the six hours prior to injury (log volume), as well as whether or not the patient reported feeling drunk, and the likelihood of attributing a causal association of the injury to drinking.

Borges G et al. (2004b). Episodic alcohol use and risk of nonfatal injury. American Journal of Epidemiology 159, 565-571. Borges G et al. (2006a). Acute alcohol use and the risk of non-fatal injury in sixteen countries. Addiction. 101, 993-1002 Borges G et al. (2006b). Multicentre study of acute alcohol use and non-fatal injuries: data from de WHO collaborative study on alcohol and injuries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 84, 453-60. Cherpitel C et al. (2005). Clinical assessment compared with breathalyser readings in the emergency room: concordance of ICD-10 Y90 and Y91 codes.

2005). For several studies, such as those from Mexico City and Acapulco, the subjective AF is dramatically larger than the corresponding objective estimate. Among those studies for which the AF declines, the Mississippi and Argentina studies show the largest decreases. ) One variable that may be of anecdotal interest in discussing differences found between objective and subjective assessments is whether or not the use of alcohol is stigmatized in the population that the ED serves. This variable was obtained from key informants at each of the study sites that assessed how acceptable they believed alcohol use was in the culture (on a four-point scale from very acceptable to not very acceptable) and the likelihood that patients who had been drinking prior to injury might deny the use of alcohol.

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Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an international perspective by editors, Cheryl J. Cherpitel ... [et al.]


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