By Wendy Davies
Acts of Giving examines the problems surrounding donation --the giving of estate, often landed property--in northern ''Christian'' Spain within the 10th century, whilst written texts turned very ample, permitting us to glimpse the operating of neighborhood society. Wendy Davies explores who supplies and who gets; what's given; purposes for giving; and where of giving in the complicated of social and fiscal relationships in society as a complete. humans gave land for all types of purposes - simply because they have been compelled to take action, to satisfy money owed or pay fines; simply because they desired to achieve fabric merits in lifestyles, or to safe help within the brief time period or in previous age. Giving professional anima, for the sake of the soul, used to be particularly constrained; and presents have been made to put folks in addition to to the church. relatives pursuits have been strongly sustained around the 10th century and didn't dwindle; relatives land was once break up and re-assembled, now not fragmented. The gender and standing of donors are key issues, besides commemoration: extra males than girls took steps to memorialize, unlike a few components of western Europe, and extra aristocrats than peasants, that's much less of a distinction. Donation as one of those transaction can also be tested, in addition to the insights into prestige afforded via the language and kind of the files. trading, giving and receiving persisted within the tenth-century because it had for hundreds of years. despite the fact that this era observed the amount of peasant donation to the church expanding drastically. It used to be this which set the stipulations for titanic social and monetary switch.
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Additional resources for Acts of Giving: Individual, Community, and Church in Tenth-Century Christian Spain
Galler Urkunden’, in K. Schmid and J. ), Memoria. Der geschichtliche Zeugniswert des liturgischen Gedenkens im Mittelalter (Munich, 1984), 578–602. ⁹⁷ The tradition goes back to P. Guilhiermoz, Essai sur l’origine de la noblesse en France au moyen âge (Paris, 1902); more recently, G. Duby, La société aux XI e et XII e siècles dans la région mâconnaise (Paris, 1953), is seminal, and most of his subsequent work has relevance; cf. many of the papers collected in his Hommes et structures du moyen âge.
Isla Frez, La sociedad gallega en la alta edad media (Madrid, 1992), 208–14, for discussion of terminological problems. e. ⁶⁵ Hereditary obligations smack of servility. In Galicia, in particular, people with hereditary obligations are named and listed in a manner which suggests that they had no option but to maintain their obligations; there were those who ⁶² Lii451; Sob130; see also below, pp. 57–60, for client agreements to serve a church. ⁶³ Ambiguous cases, for example: Sob75 (858), Cel233 (886), SM89 (971), Sam44 (975).
Sáez; vol. 3 (986–1031), ed. J. M. Ruiz Asencio (León, 1987, 1990, 1987)—the core of the edition is a large cartulary of the ﬁrst third of the twelfth century; charters cited as Li1, Li2, Lii259, Liii512, etc. ⁷⁵ Colección diplomática del monasterio de Sahagún, vol. 1, ed. J. M. Mínguez Fernández, vol. 2, ed. M. ⁸⁰ collections, one a copy of a cartulary of the early twelfth century and the other a cartulary of 1110; charters cited as S1, S2, etc. ⁷⁶ Colección documental del monasterio de Santa María de Otero de las Due˜nas, ed.
Acts of Giving: Individual, Community, and Church in Tenth-Century Christian Spain by Wendy Davies