By Margaret Gilbert
Margaret Gilbert deals an incisive new method of a vintage challenge of political philosophy: whilst and why may still I do what the legislation tells me to do? Do i've got precise tasks to comply to the legislation of my very own nation and if this is the case, why? In what feel, if any, needs to I struggle in wars during which my nation is engaged, if ordered to take action, or undergo the penalty for legislations breaking--including the demise penalty? Gilbert's obtainable booklet bargains a provocative and compelling case in desire of voters' responsibilities to the kingdom, whereas studying how those will be squared with self-interest and different competing issues.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society
I am not assuming this to be a feature of obligations in general, something on which many theorists concur. These points are intended to provide no more than a partial description of those obligations with which I am concerned in this book. As will emerge, some so-called obligations do not all have the features listed. All that do are of considerable practical signiﬁcance. 3 Directed Obligations Hart’s Proposal The obligations of promises and agreements are generally considered paradigmatic. They have also proved recalcitrant to philosophical explanation.
Though distinct, these problems are not unrelated. Certainly the membership problem bears on the residence problem. Suppose one has successfully argued for obligations of membership in a political society, obligations to uphold the political institutions of the society. 43 In spite of that, the residence problem will then be at least partially solved. For suppose that the residents in the territory of a given imperator are also members of a political society, and the ruler of that society is the imperator in question.
If one conforms to this distinction, it appears that there will not be speciﬁcally prudential obligations. Prudence may oblige one to do something, but will not 8 This does not preclude the possibility—discussed in the text below—that one of these kinds is ﬁt to be called ‘obligation proper’. 9 Cf. Simmons (1979: 6), ‘obligations . . are independent of our desires to perform or not’. 10 What is in one’s self-interest, so construed, is often contrasted with the morally right thing to do, or the best thing to do overall.
A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society by Margaret Gilbert