By Bruce Mazlish
During this publication Mazlish examines the ancient origins of sociology, taking a look heavily at how what he phrases the "cash nexus"--the omnipresent substitution of cash for private relations--was perceived as altering the character of human kinfolk within the nineteenth century and ended in the improvement of sociology as a method of facing this . Mazlish additionally considers the breakdown of connections in glossy society: how the orderly 18th century international during which God, humanity, and nature have been heavily hooked up to each other got here to get replaced with considered one of felt disconnection, and the way individualism then got here to be visible as exchanging a feeling of neighborhood in sleek society. He investigates the paintings of a couple of 19th-century English writers who have been thinking about this breakdown of connections, together with Adam Smith, William Wordsworth, Edmund Burke, Thomas Carlyle, and especially novelists resembling Benjamin Disraeli, Elizabeth Gaskell, and George Eliot. He additionally explores the impact of Darwin, offers Engels and Marx as precursors of the technological know-how of sociology and discusses at size the key founding figures of contemporary classical sociology: Ferdinand T?nnies, George Simmel, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber.
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Additional info for A New Science: The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology
21 Toward the end of his life, Lamarck did one other thing of importance. Bitter and feeling neglected, he gazed out upon a world in which the old ties had ceased to restrain men in their pursuit of personal progress, and he joined the lamenters. An evolutionary Jeremiah, he cried out in 1817: By his egoism too short-sighted for his own good, by his tendency to revel in all that is at his disposal, in short, by his lack of concern for the future and for his fellow man, man seems to work for the annihilation of his means of conservation and for the destruction of his own species.
One might also point out that among the great early male novelists, Samuel Richardson wrote of women, Clarissa and Pamela, and Daniel Defoe of Moll Flanders. The novel, especially the English novel, gave women a prominence which they generally lacked elsewhere. Even in this domain, however, men ruled (not unexpectedly). Many of our women novelists wrote under male pseudonyms; for example, Charlotte Bronte published as Currer Bell, and George Eliot was the pen name of Mary Anne Evans. In writing of connections, I have largely followed the male-dominated arguments of the nineteenth-century Western culture.
Historical perspective is a prerequisite for keeping our values and judgments in touch with reality. It is essential in trying to comprehend large and powerful subjects such as the perceived breakdown of connections in the industrializing process. In order fully to answer questions such as those raised here, we should be able to reconstruct, for example, the economic and social world of eighteenthcentury England, France, and Germany. What was rural life really like? Did the family actually provide emotional warmth and security, or was it too often a domestic despotism?
A New Science: The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology by Bruce Mazlish