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Download PDF by Feng K., Li L., Jiao W.: 632.8-nm visible region waveguide polarizer fabricated by

By Feng K., Li L., Jiao W.

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Extra info for 632.8-nm visible region waveguide polarizer fabricated by proton exchange

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E. with no birefringent sample present, the field of view is black. The ocular or eyepiece serves to magnify the image further. Often a magnification of q10 is used. The ocular also determines the field of view. Alternatively, after opening a shutter or by use of a semi-transmitting mirror, the image can also be projected onto a camera mounted on the microscope by an adjustable tube. High quality images are generally achieved simply with slide films. If a time resolved image acquisition is required to study dynamic effects, analog video cameras in combination with frame grabber hard- and software are used.

7, (1969), 59. , 9, (1971), 653. S. T. Lagerwall, I. Dahl, Mol. Cryst. Liq. , 114, (1984), 151. 3 Polarizing Microscopy Polarizing microscopy is one of the essential tools for the characterization of newly synthesized mesogenic materials, together with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and x-ray investigations. While DSC is easily and quickly carried out, it merely provides information on phase transition temperatures and the order of the transitions. X-ray investigations for actual structural evaluation, i.

Lotoux, Ferroelectrics, 244, (2000), 275. [29] K. Skarp, G. , 6, (1986), 67. [30] C. W. Oseen, Trans. , 29, (1933), 883. [31] H. Zocher, Trans. , 29, (1933), 945. [32] F. C. Frank, Discuss. , 25, (1958), 19. [33] P. G. de Gennes, J. , Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993, ch. 3, pp. 98À162. , ch. 7, pp. 337À407. S. T. Lagerwall, Ferroelectric and Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystals, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 1999, ch. 11, pp. 275À300. A. Saupe, Mol. Cryst. Liq. , 7, (1969), 59. , 9, (1971), 653. S. T. Lagerwall, I.

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632.8-nm visible region waveguide polarizer fabricated by proton exchange by Feng K., Li L., Jiao W.


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